2 See Rush & Tomkins Ltd v Greater London Council and Ors  UKHL 7 (Lord Griffiths): ‘the contents of without prejudice correspondence … will not be admissible to establish any admission relating to the [party’s] claim’.
3 See Framlington Group Limited and Axa Framlington Group Limited v Barneston  EWCA Civ 502: it is a highly fact sensitive question as to when the point in time arose when the parties contemplated or might reasonably have contemplated litigation if they could not reach agreement.
4 See, for example, Barbudev v Eurocom Cable Management Bulgaria EOOD  EWCA Civ 548.
5  2 Lloyd’s Rep 457.
6 For a discussion of this case, and authorities back to 1929, see Louis Flannery, Robert Merkin ‘Emirates Trading, Good Faith and Pre-arbitral ADR Clauses: A Jurisdictional Precondition?’(2015) 31(1) Arbitration International 63–106.
7 See Scott v Avery (1856) 5 HLC 811.
8 See Arbitration Act 1996 s 35.
9 See, for example the Rules of the London Court of International Arbitration (LCIA) and the ICC Rules.
10 LMAA Terms 2012, Second Schedule.